Since the first experiments of electric lighting at the end of the 19th century, Paris has gradually built and developed a large network of public lighting (more than 185,000 luminous points lit all night long in 2011) and an impressive amount of illuminations (304 monuments of all sizes and 32 bridges over the Seine) which made his fame and maintain his reputation of City of Light, but which today consume 152 GWh annually.
This lighting approach is changing dramatically today in answer to the climate plan of the city of Paris who wishes to cut its energy consumption by 30% in 2020. As a part of an Energy Performance Contract and with a more holistic approach of the Parisian territory, new ways of lighting and highlighting Paris at night were imagined.
The current permanence of public lighting was questioned to take into account nocturnal uses and temporal occupations of Paris. The heritage illuminations were refocused on the contemporary municipal equipment to move progressively from a nighttime Museum city to a nocturnal city with proximity, active and exemplary lights.
As an answer to new challenges (development of nocturnal tourism as well as citizen’s desires of night tranquility) a new lighting strategy has been developed to redraw an exemplary and welcoming image of Paris City of Light, anchored in a sustainable development, respectful of the environmental constraints and deliberately turned towards the future.
City of Paris (2 200 000 inhabitants)
first lighting design of municipal facilities : 2014